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Рубрика: Экономика

Fair Trade and Local Development

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Fair Trade and Local Development

Автор: Emil Kjeldsen-Kragh

Coffee has always been a commodity of great importance for the Global South. After the collapse of the International Coffee Agreement in 1989, the global coffee price plummeted. During the coffee crisis, the fair trade brand began to take form. This new form of activism, which encouraged consuming certain products, instead of boycotting them, developed with a promise of helping the Global South. This book explores the effect of fair trade coffee on households and communities in the Kagera region in North-West Tanzania. This book sheds light on how fair trade works within the coffee industry, what parts of the fair trade system which is effective and what external forces limit the full effect of fair trade.

Economic Empowerment of women

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Economic Empowerment of women

Автор: Rukmani Mallepu

About the Book “Progress of our State Economic Growth cannot be achieved without active participation of our Mothers, Wives, Sisters and Daughters…….”. Dr.M.Rukmani. The present Volume consists of 7 Chapters on «Economic Empowerment of Women: A Study of DWCRA in Chittoor District». This volume will be useful to researchers, activists and policy-makers. Empowerment is simply the ability of direct and control one’s own life. “Now a day’s women play a pivotal role in our Society. Their contribution is invisible and inevitable”. It is an evident fact that the goal of poverty alleviation cannot be achieved without the people participation especially plays a pivotal role to upliftment of all the developmental activities. With this objective the government has place women in the forefront and facilitated the formation of large number of Self-Help Groups. Government is making an effort to assist these SHGs by providing Micro Finance under DWCRA. The DWCRA was initiated as a Sub-scheme…

The Economic Implications of Aging Societies: The Costs of Living Happily Ever After

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The Economic Implications of Aging Societies: The Costs of Living Happily Ever After

Автор: Steven A. Nyce, Sylvester J. Schieber

The world is getting older and no one knows exactly what life will be like in tomorrow’s older societies. But we do know that age dependency ratios—the ratio of retirees to workers—will be much higher than we see today. The combined effects of fewer workers, more retirees and longer retirement periods threaten not only the sustainability of pension systems but also the broader economic prospects of many developed countries. This analysis describes current trends in birth rates, longevity and labor force participation and productivity, the cross-border flow of capital, the globalization of labor markets, the financial viability of social insurance programs, and the ways economic output is shared between working-age and retiree populations.

Household Health Expenditure in Yanam Region, India

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Household Health Expenditure in Yanam Region, India

Автор: T. Subba Lakshmi and Himanshu Sekhar Rout

Investment on health has a direct, positive and significant influence on the economic growth of an economy. Secondly, research on Health Economics has a recent origin and whatever the works available on it are mainly on macro aspects. Little attention has been given to the micro aspects of it by the researchers, government, policy makers and development planners. In this context the present piece of work is an attempt to study the pattern of health expenditure as a component of income and consumption expenditure across different income groups; to examine the impact of income and education on household health expenditure (HHE); and to find out the gender bias in HHE in Yanam, India. The study is based on primary data collected from Yanam. Simple random sampling method is used to select the households. To substantiate the objectives descriptive statistics and multiple regression techniques are used. Income has significant influence on household health expenditure where as the impact of…

Entrepreneurship and Regional Economic Development

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Entrepreneurship and Regional Economic Development

Автор: Saima Bashir and Tesfa Gebremedhin

Increasing uncertainty in the world economy has created challenges for regions to pursue development strategies. Globalization and the advent of new technologies led to approaches from traditional industrial recruiting to less traditional approaches. Among these latter approaches is the increased importance of entrepreneurship for creating economic growth through self-employment or new firm formation. The analysis integrates regional growth theory and spatial econometric modeling to develop recommendations for entrepreneurial development strategies. A unique aspect of this book is that it identifies the spatial effects of entrepreneurial factors and other local characteristics on growth in population, employment, and per capita income. The study explores the contributions of entrepreneurship to the local economy and develops a map for designing specific development policies for a region such as the Northeast Region of the United States. Its rich insights make the book a useful…

Федеральная и региональная элита России: Кто есть Кто в политике и экономике. Ежегодный биографический справочник

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Федеральная и региональная элита России: Кто есть Кто в политике и экономике. Ежегодный биографический справочник

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Ежегодный биографический справочник `Федеральная и региональная элита России: Кто есть Кто в политике и экономике` впервые увидел свет в январе 2000 года. Он предназначен для широкого круга читателей. Статьи в справочнике расположены в алфавитном порядке, всего около 1000 биографий. Нами был отобран и представлен основной состав наиболее значимых персон постсоветской России периода 1989-2001 годов во власти, в политике и экономике. `Новички`, впервые появившиеся на страницах этого издания в 2001 году, были выделены нами курсивом.

Time to Start Thinking: America and the Spectre of Decline

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Time to Start Thinking: America and the Spectre of Decline

Автор: Edward Luce

On its present course, the US faces a world of rising new countries that will compete with it ever more fiecely as its own power is declining. In order to slow and improve this steady leakage of power, the US must change course internationally, economically and domestically. It must also restructure to remain the world’s most competitive economy. And it must address quality of life issues and fairness at home. But American politics is broken — competing forces and interests have led to stasis. With change so tough, where now for a country where the middle classes are suffering as they have never suffered before, the pensions crisis is growing, the deficit out of sight, and radicalism waiting in the wings?

Handbook of Financial Intermediation and Banking (Handbooks in Finance) (Handbooks in Finance)

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Handbook of Financial Intermediation and Banking (Handbooks in Finance) (Handbooks in Finance)

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The growth of financial intermediation research has yielded a host of questions that have pushed «design» issues to the fore even as the boundary between financial intermediation and corporate finance has blurred. This volume presents review articles on six major topics that are connected by information-theoretic tools and characterized by valuable perspectives and important questions for future research. Touching upon a wide range of issues pertaining to the designs of securities, institutions, trading mechanisms and markets, industry structure, and regulation, this volume will encourage bold new efforts to shape financial intermediaries in the future.* Original review articles offer valuable perspectives on research issues appearing in top journals* Twenty articles are grouped by six major topics, together defining the leading research edge of financial intermediation* Corporate finance researchers will find affinities in the tools, methods, and conclusions featured in these articles

Катар в XXI веке. Современные тенденции и прогнозы экономического развития

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Катар в XXI веке. Современные тенденции и прогнозы экономического развития

Автор: Эльдар Касаев

Монография Э.О.Касаева, специалиста по ближневосточным проблемам, — первая работа в российской и зарубежной науке, полностью посвященная современной экономике Катара. Автор рассматривает основные макроэкономические показатели, некоторые отрасли промышленности, инвестиционный климат, торговые и финансовые отношения с зарубежными государствами, а также делает долгосрочные прогнозы развития хозяйственного потенциала эмирата. Книга может быть полезна ученым-востоковедам, преподавателям, аспирантам, студентам и всем тем, кто интересуется спецификой развития арабских стран.

Глобализация. Повторение пройденного

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Глобализация. Повторение пройденного

Автор: Бринк Линдси

Автор предлагает новый взгляд на проблему глобализации, идущий вразрез с представлениями глобалистов и антиглобалистов. Согласно автору, экономическая глобализация последних 15-20 лет не является ни уникальной, ни необратимой. Мир уже пережил первую волну глобализации в конце XIX-начале XX вв., она закончилась крахом. Нынешняя волна вызвана не развитием технологий и политикой «рыночного фундаментализма», а всеобщим разочарованием в практике всеобъемлющего государственного регулирования. Поступательное развитие мировой экономики и повышение благосостояния широких масс требуют более фундаментальных политических и идеологических изменений, чем «глобализация». Книга адресована политикам и государственным деятелям, бизнесменам и дипломатам, экономистам, финансистам и всем интересующимся международной торговлей и мировыми финансами.